Unless you have been living under a rock you would have heard that on the 4th day of the London Olympic Games U.S. swimmer Michael Phelps became the most decorated Olympian of all time. Phelps’ 19th Olympic medal saw him move past the record of 18 Olympic medals held for 48 years by the legendary Soviet gymnast Larisa Latynina.
Most people find swimming very challenging. It is a sport that depends heavily on technique, both from a performance and injury prevention perspective. Chapter 8 of the new edition of Clinical Sports Medicine titled ‘Clinical aspects of biomechanics and sporting injuries’ can help clinicians understand how swimming biomechanics can aid in stroke efficiency and reduce risk of injury.
Shoulder pain is a common complaint amongst swimmers. An imbalance in the strength and activation of the shoulder muscles and insufficient range of movement can contribute to overuse injuries such as impingement syndromes and rotator cuff tendinopathy. Chapter 8 details some of the common technical errors in specific swimming strokes that predispose to these injuries.